Understanding the Difference Between Indica and Sativa | Calis Farm


It is commonly believed that Sativa strains are energetic with uplifting mental effects that go well with physical exercise, social events, and creative tasks. While indica strains are physically sedating and ideal for resting with a movie or as a nightcap before bed. It is believe that hybrid strains combine the effects of sativa and indica.

Indica does not always equate to “hit the couch,” while sativas do not always make users feel energized. The two names refer to the physical makeup of a plant, and Indica roots are in botany rather than effects. Additionally, because everyone’s body chemistry varies, a strain may have a distinct impact on each individual.

However, popular cannabis culture is still firmly based in the idea that indicas, sativas, and hybrids produce various effects. If you’ve ever been to a dispensary, you’ve probably heard a budtender ask which of those three types you favor before making a strain suggestion, but the science doesn’t back it up.

Indica Strain:

Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Tibet are among the nations in the Middle East where the Cannabis indica plant first appeared.Although the CBD to THC ratio is very close to 1:1, it often contains more CBD than Cannabis sativa.

Indicas were historically grown in chilly, northern climes and are frequently seen as soothing. Because of their surroundings, they grow short and dense, and because their growth season is shorter, they can be picked before the cold and rain of fall and winter arrive.

According to popular belief, california indica strain has a flat, calming high and is an excellent painkiller. This strain’s hybrid variation can be found in many medical marijuana strains.

Top Indica Strains:

Indica strains are popular for their ability to provide a relaxing and calm high. They are often used to treat anxiety, stress, pain, and insomnia. Some popular and strongest indica strains include:

  1. Granddaddy Purple: A classic indica strain that is known for its sweet grape andberry flavors.
  2. Northern Lights: A potent indica strain that is known for its relaxing and euphoric effects.
  3. OG Kush: A popular indica strain that is known for its strong earthy flavors.

Sativa Strain:

Southeast Asia, Central and South America, and other countries with warmer climates are where cannabis sativa is native.

Sativas, which are sometimes regard as stimulating, were originally grown in warm, humid settings. They grew long and lanky so they could dry out and not absorb as much moisture. Because it won’t turn cold and rainy at the conclusion of the growing season, their warm climate also means they can take a long time to grow, flower, or generate buds.

The consensus is that it leads to a more invigorating and creative high, while it can make some people anxious. Sativa can be beneficial for persons who are experiencing sadness, headaches, nausea, or loss of appetite. Strongest Sativa strains typically have higher THC concentrations than CBD.

Popular Sativa Strains:

What is the most popular sativa strain? There are many popular and best Sativa strains that have been enjoyed by cannabis users for years. Some of the most pure Sativa strains include:

  1. Sour Diesel: A classic strain that has a pungent, diesel-like aroma and provides an uplifting and energizing high.
  2. Green Crack: A fruity, citrusy strain that is known for its energetic and cerebral high.
  3. Girl Scout Cookies: A sweet and earthy strain that is perfect for those looking for a relaxing high.

History of Indica and Sativa Strain:

The cannabis plant has been around for centuries, with its origins dating back to Central Asia. The two main types of cannabis strains are indica and sativa. Indica strains are shorter and bushier, while sativa strains are taller and thinner. Both indica and sativa plants have different effects on the human body.

Indica strains originate from the Hindu Kush region of the Himalayas. These plants are shorter and have a higher THC content than sativas. Indicas are know for their relaxing and sedative effects, which make them ideal for treating anxiety, pain, and insomnia.

Sativa strains come from regions near the equator, such as Colombia, Mexico, and Thailand. These plants have a lower THC content than indicas but higher levels of CBD. Sativas are know for their uplifting and energizing effects, which make them ideal for treating depression and fatigue.

All cannabis plants were grouped together under the name “Cannabis sativa L.,” with “Cannabis” standing for the genus, “sativa” for the species, and “L.” standing for Carl Linnaeus’ classification system, in his 1753 publication Species Plantarum. Sativa is a derivative of the Latin word sativum, which means “cultivated.”

Cannabis sativa, a taller, leaner, and more fibrous plant, and “Cannabis indica,” a shorter, stouter, and more psychotropic plant, with the appellation “from India,” .Where it was believe to have originated, were separate into two distinct species by French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in 1785.

These descriptions, which are still in use today, mainly describe the physical makeup of each variety of weed.

Cannabinoids Content:

The mixture of cannabinoids and terpenes, or the chemical constituents in it, is a better method to describe the effects of various indica and strong sativa strains. These substances work together to produce the entourage effect, which results in the sense of being high.

The main class of the hundreds of chemical elements that make up the cannabis plant and have a variety of effects is called cannabinoids.. THC and CBD, the two most common cannabinoids, are principally responsible for cannabis’ therapeutic and recreational effects.

Most people think of THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) when talking about marijuana since it makes you feel high and relieves symptoms like pain and nausea. Anxiety, discomfort, inflammation, and many other medical conditions are know to be improved by the non-intoxicating substance CBD (cannabidiol).

Indica strains are know for their high THC content. CBD content is typically lower in indica strains, but there are some notable exceptions. For example, the popular and highest THC indica strain OG Kush has a THC content of up to 25% and a CBD content of 2%.

While indica strains are typically associate with a more relaxing and sedative effect. The high THC content can also lead to couch lock and sleepiness. The CBD content in indica strains can help to offset some of these effects, making them more tolerable for some users.

When choosing an indica strain, it is important to pay attention to the THC and CBD levels. Higher THC strains will be more potent and may not be suitable for everyone. Likewise, higher CBD strains may be less effective for certain medical conditions.

Terpenes Content:

When it comes to indica vs. sativa. There are many differences that can be observe. One such difference is the presence of terpenes. Terpenes are organic compounds that are responsible for the distinct aromas of different plants. They can also be find in other natural products like fruits and spices.

There are over 100 different types of terpenes that have been identify. Each with its own unique aroma and benefits. When it comes to cannabis, certain terpenes are more commonly find in indica strains than sativa strains. These include myrcene, caryophyllene, and limonene.

Terpenes are aromatic oils that give cannabis its distinct smell and flavor. These compounds can also have subtle effects on the body, depending on the specific strain. For example, some terpenes may promote relaxation while others could provide a boost of energy. When it comes to sativa, these energizing effects are primarily due to two particular terpenes: limonene and pinene.


The musky, earthy scent frequently associate with indica strains is cause by myrcene. It’s also been show to provide some sedative effects, making indica strains ideal for relaxation and sleep.

Caryophyllene is another common terpene find in indica strains. It has a spicy, peppery aroma and is know for its anti-inflammatory properties. This makes it a popular choice for those seeking relief from pain or other forms of inflammation.

Limonene is yet another terpene that’s commonly find in indica strains. As its name suggests, it gives off a citrusy scent and is know for its mood-boosting effects. This makes it a popular choice for those looking to improve their mood or alleviate stress and anxiety.


Limonene is a citrus-scented terpene that’s also find in lemon and orange peel. This compound has been show to boost mood and energy levels while reducing stress.

Pinene, meanwhile, is an earthy-smelling terpene that’s also present in pine needles. This compound can improve alertness and memory while also helping to open up airways for improved breathing.

High of Indica and Sativa:

When it comes to marijuana, there are two main types of strains: indica and sativa. Both strains offer different effects on the user, depending on the ratio of THC to CBD. Sativa strains are more energetic, while indica strains are typically more calming.

However, within these two main strain types, there are subcategories that can further affect the user’s experience. For example, some indica strains can cause couch-lock, while others may not. And some sativa strains can contain high levels of THC, while others may have lower THC levels but higher CBD levels.

The most significant factor in determining the psychotropic differences between indica and sativa is probably not THC but rather myrcene. Based on the examination of more than 100,000 marijuana samples collect over the previous seven years, that conclusion was reach.

After the days work and activities are over, indicas are best consume in the evening or at night because they tend to deplete energy. Some individuals who use strong indica strains may have “couchlock,” a condition in which they become so calm that they can hardly move from the couch.

Some individuals who use strong indica strains may have “couchlock,” a condition in which they become so calm that they can hardly move from the couch. On the other side, sativas are energizing and intellectual, boosting productivity and creativity.

Sativas tend to produce more of a “thinking high,” while indicas are know to give users a “body high.” Unfortunately, sativa plants develop more slowly than indica variants and produce fewer medicinal blooms. Due to the absence of consideration for patient needs and the only focus on profit, indica strains have always predominated those sold on the underground market.

Appearance, Flavor And Aroma:

Sativa and indica plants have different physiological effects, as well as a visual difference. Indica plants are short and stocky, with broad, “chunky,” and rounded leaves. Sativa plants typically have leaves that are thin and pointed, and they may even appear lanky and taller.

Sativas have a sweet, fruity, or spicy aroma, while indicas typically have musty, earthy, or skunky aromas. 

Terpenes, the chemicals in the plant that are relatives of cannabinoids like THC and CBD, are the cause of this variation in scent. While these substances can have amazing pungent smells, their medical effectiveness is actually their biggest value to patients.

There are now numerous flavors available because of plant development, however these are the traditional flavors that many indicas and sativas generate. Like blueberry and strawberry, indica is sweet. Sativas are ethereal, like pine.


Sativa strains are typically preferable for treating psychological conditions like depression, PTSD, and anxiety. Indicas frequently provide the best relief from pain and inflammation, making them advantageous for those with cancer, fibromyalgia, and arthritis.

However, because so many illnesses have symptoms like depression and insomnia as side effects, a patient should think about treating both their primary illness and its accompanying daily symptoms. In the end, each patient will favor a variety of strains, most of which will fall into the sativa, hybrid, and indica categories.

Growth Info:

Marijuana originated in South and Central Asia, and in order to adapt to various humidity levels, the plant evolved into multiple species. Sativa plants have long, thin leaves and thin, lanky stems that let them breathe more effectively and thrive in high humidity, whereas indica plants have short, squat bodies that have evolved to withstand hot, dry conditions.

Therefore, pure sativas evolved in humid lowlands and river valleys, whereas landrace varieties—”pure” original indica strains like Afghani and Hindu Kush—evolved in the dry foothills of the Himalayas. Landrace strains, however, are uncommon in the US market now. One indica-sativa hybrid or another makes up the vast bulk of marijuana that is farm and used in the US.

The plant’s size is a reasonably decent indicator of how mature it is. Because of this, indicas are more suite for confin growing environments. Whereas sativas are frequently grow outdoors. I didn’t even choose the tallest height for sativa in the graphic in order to maintain a respectable size. Sativas have the potential to grow extremely large. Sativas can grow up to 20 feet, but indicas can only grow up to 3 to 4 feet.

Where to Purchase Indica and Sativa Strains Online?

There are many online retailers that sell both Indica and Sativa strains of cannabis. Some may sell low-quality cannabis that is not effective for medical use, while others may charge exorbitant prices.

When looking for a reputable online retailer to purchase Indica and strong Sativa strains and sativa hybrid strains, it is important to do your research. Read reviews from other customers, and make sure that the retailer offers a money-back guarantee in case you are not satisfy with your purchase.

One reputable online retailer that sells high-quality Indica and top 10 Sativa strains is Calis Farm. Calis Farm offers a wide variety of strains to choose from, and all of their cannabis is lab-tested to ensure quality and potency. In addition, they offer free shipping on orders over $100, and they have a 100% satisfaction guarantee.


Indica and sativa are the two primary categories of cannabis strains. Both strains offer different effects, with indica providing a more relaxed body high and sativa offering a more uplifting and cerebral experience.

When choosing a strain, it’s important to consider what you’re looking for in terms of effects. If you want something that will help you relax and unwin. An indica strain is likely your best betting. If you’re seeking a strain that will give you energy and creativity, a sativa is probably your best choice.

Of course, there are many hybrid strains that offer a mix of both indica and sativa effects. And there are also countless individual strains within each category, each with its own unique set of effects. So, ultimately, the best way to choose a strain is to try out different ones and see what works best for you.

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